What Can We Learn about Reionization with Quasar Proximity Zones
Haunqing Chen(University of Chicago)
In the first billion years of the Universe, the first galaxies and quasars formed and their ionizing photons brought about a major phase transition of the IGM from a mostly neutral to a mostly ionized state. The exploration of this crucial epoch, called cosmic reionization, is entering a golden era with the exponential progress in computational ability and with JWST and 30m-class telescopes on the horizon. The regions around the first quasars, called quasar proximity zones, are among the first targets that JWST will observe. They are unique since they are thought to trace the densest environments where many galaxies reside. Besides, the quasar spectra carry an immense amount of information about the IGM during reionization. In this talk, I will show two aspects of what we can learn from the quasar proximity zones. First, I will talk about my suite of quasar proximity zone simulations and show how galaxies form in this biased field with strong radiation. This study will help us interpret future JWST data and answer key questions about the quasar environment and radiative feedback. Second, I will use synthetic spectra to illustrate how the absorption features in quasar spectra encode the key properties like the quasar lifetime and the gas density of the IGM. I will conclude with an outlook of synergizing JWST and ground-based observations of quasar proximity zones to learn more about reionization.