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What Kinds of Plastic Materials Are There?

Article text.Plastic product can be separated right into thermosetting and thermoplastic two:

1. Thermosetting plastic: describes the plastic that can not be reused. Its particles ultimately right into the body framework.

2. Polycarbonate plastic: describes the plastic that can be recycled, separated right into crystalline (PBT, PA) and amorphous (COMPUTER, PP0). Crystalline plastic refers to the plastic liquid that can become a normal plastic shape when it ends up being strong. The particles are mostly prepared according to the straight or branched structure.

3. Engineering plastics refer to using mechanical elements, can be made use of for a long time over 100 degrees Celsius. The tensile strength is more than 500kg in one square centimeter. The bending toughness is greater than 2400kg in one square centimeter, as well as a lot of the plastics currently utilized are PPABS PBT COMPUTER PPS POM, and so on( 1) PP material: (polypropylene polypropylene).


a. Lighter in weight certain gravity, excellent fluidity. Colorless, unsavory, odor free, safe, shiny, tensile toughness, excellent heat resistance.

b. Great additional handling efficiency. Audio insulation and also chemical security.

c. Small cost. They are mostly used in woven bags, toys, crates, residence appliances, pipes, plates, etc. Generally made use of for the electric covering, such as motor back cover, three tubes front and back shell, little sun back cover, wind blade and more.

Molding conditions:.

A. Mold and mildew temperature: 20 levels to 40 degrees.

B. Drying condition: 80 levels for 1-2 hrs or more.

C. Product tube temperature level: 170 levels to 220 levels.

D. Heat deflection temperature level: 80 levels( 1.8 MPa, 12.7 mm).

E. Conditioning factor:.135 levels or more.

F. Mold and mildew shrinkage: 0.5%-- 0.7%( 3.3 mm).

G. Tensile yield strength:20 -30 Mpa.

H. Typically used alteration methods are boosted strengthening flame retardant anti-oxidant, high gloss, and so on( 2) abdominal material: (acrylonitrile. Butadiene. Styrene triglyceride). (acrylonitrile-butadiene - styrene. copolymer).


ABS product has good impact resistance, high stamina and also rigidness, low-temperature resistance, warm resistance, high gloss, simple shade matching as well as additional handling, as well as surface therapy.

They are generally utilized in vehicle, electrical, house devices, building accounts, and so on.

It is generally used for the front as well as back shells of electrical home appliances, such as electric followers, chilly fans, water dispensers, heating systems, ventilators, bath bombs, as well as various other items, braces, and so on.

Molding conditions:.

1. Drying out problem: 80 levels for more than 2-4 hrs.

2. Product tube temperature level: 190 to 230 levels.

3. Warm deflection temperature: 80 levels (1.8 MPa, 12.7 mm).

4. General back stress: 8- -15 kg/mm2.

5. Mold shrinking: 0. 5% - 0. 7% (3.3 mm).

6. Usual alteration techniques are enhanced strengthening, flame resistant weathering alloy, and so on( 3) PBT product: (polybutylene terephthalate) Celanese.


PBT material has high abrasion resistance as well as rigidness, solid chemical resistance, excellent weather condition resistance, great dimensional security, great electric insulation, far better performance after support.

Wetness absorption, conveniently decayed by warmth, is generally made use of in automotive, electrical, house devices, adapters, accuracy instruments, electronic devices, and so on.

They are primarily utilized for warmth resistant components: air outlet of the heating unit, PTC bracket of building, etc.

Molding problems: (Differs according to the percent of fiber added).

1. Drying condition: 100 ℃ to 140 ℃ for more than 4 hours.

2. Product tube temperature level: 240 to 270 levels Celsius.

3. Heat deflection temperature level: 210 ℃ to 230 ℃ (1.8 MPa, 12.7 mm).

4. Mold and mildew shrinkage: 0.3% - 0.5% (3.2 mm).

5. Thermal decay temperature: 280 levels (at 260 levels, the product tube can be left for 6 mins. Or else, it will decay as well as degrade).

6. Typically utilized modification approaches are improved strengthening flame retardant, and so on( 4) computer product (polycarbonate).


The highest impact stamina, dimensional stability, warmth resistance of 130 degrees or even more, with high gloss as well as transparency, passage can reach concerning 90%, safe-- high processing temperature, tension after molding, dampness absorption, not wear-resistant, fatigue resistance.

Molding conditions: (Differs according to fiber enhancement ratio).

1. Mold and mildew temperature level: 80 levels to 100 levels.

2. Drying condition: 100 ℃ to 120 ℃ for more than 4 hrs.

3. Product tube temperature level: 250 to 300 degrees Celsius.

4. Heat deformation temperature: concerning 130 levels.

5. Mold contraction: 0.5% -0.7%. The fluidity of PC material is higher with the boost of temperature level because the temperature adjustment takes up an extra significant percentage in the molding.

6. Typical adjustment approaches are improved fire retardant antioxidant weathering, and so on( 5) material (polyamide polyamide) additionally known as NYL0N nylon.


material has abrasion resistance, fatigue resistance, high water absorption price (after reinforcing high strength) superb dimensional security (can be utilized for high accuracy mechanical items).

Primarily utilized in vehicle, equipments, electric motors, precision tools, precision electronic SMT, IC connectors, and so on.

Molding conditions: (Varies according to framework and also fiber addition proportion).

1. Mold and mildew temperature: 80 ℃ to 120 ℃.

2. Drying problem: 120 levels to 140 degrees for more than 4 hours.

3. Material tube temperature: 260 to 310 degrees.

4. Warm deflection temperature level: 235 degrees.

5. Mold and mildew contraction: 0. 1% - 0.5%.

Devices requirements:.

1. Screw: (L:D= 20:1) Requirement three-stage screw with non-return ring. (Optional shut nozzle, diameter 3.0 mm).

2. The product tube will be made from deterioration as well as abrasion-resistant alloy product.

3. Both sides of the design template have to be strengthened with heat insulation plates to stay clear of heat on the machine.

4. Make use of a round material channel to dissipate warm uniformly for both male and also female passes away.

5. Utilize a 0.3 mm to 0.5 mm diameter pinhole to feed the product right into the product inlet.

6. Use 0.02 mm - 0.04 mm deepness, 0.5 mm - 1.0 mm size of the exhaust opening, and also effective succeeding exhaust.

7. Typically utilized alteration approaches are improved wear-resistant, heat-resistant high viscosity, and so on( 6) POM material: (polyformaldehyde).


High abrasion resistance, tiredness resistance, excellent dimensional security (can be utilized to need dimensional stability, abrasion resistance of mechanical objects), decay has an extreme blinding gas, the use of exhaust need to be kept in mind.

Molding problems:.

1. Mold and mildew temperature level: 60 degrees to 80 degrees.

2. Drying out problems: 80 levels to 100 degrees for more than 2 hours.

3. Product tube temperature: 170 to 210 degrees.

4. Warm deflection temperature: concerning 90 degrees.

5. Mold shrinkage price: 0.5% -0.8%.

6. Thermal decay temperature level: 240 degrees (television can be left at 240 levels for 5 mins. Or else, it will break down as well as wear away).

( 7) PPS steel product: (polyphenylene sulfide).


Abrasion resistance, exhaustion resistance, high water absorption, fire retardant, superb dimensional security (can be made use of for high precision mechanical objects), and improved performance are much better. There resemble the audio of metal.

Poor crystallinity, poor fluidness, inadequate sturdiness, unable to match colors. Easy to wear away mold and mildews as well as machines, easy to generate burrs.

They are mainly made use of in automobiles, gears, electric motors, accuracy tools, accuracy digital SMT, IC ports, etc.

Molding problems: (vary according to the framework and fiber enhancement ratio).

1. Mold temperature: 100 levels to 150 levels.

2. Drying condition: 120- 140 degrees for more than 4 hrs.

3. Product tube temperature: 270 to 330 degrees Celsius.

4. Thermal contortion temperature level: 260 degrees( 1.8 MPa, 12.7 mm).

5. Thermal decay temperature: 400 degrees (1.8 MPa, 12.7 mm).

6. Mold and mildew shrinking: 0. 1%-- 0. 4% (3.3 mm).

Devices demands:.

1. Screw: (L:D= 20:1) Criterion three-stage screw with non-return shutoff. (Optional closed nozzle, 3.0 mm size).

2. The material tube will be made of rust and also abrasion-resistant dual alloy material.

3. Heat shields need to be strengthened on both sides of the formwork to prevent warmth on the machine.

4. Make use of a round material channel to dissipate warmth equally from male and also women molds.

5. Use a 0.3 mm to 0.5 mm diameter pinhole to feed the product into the material inlet.

6. Usage 0.02mm-0.04 mm depth and also 0.5mm-1.0 mm width exhaust openings, and effective succeeding exhaust.

7. Mold cavities ought to be chrome-plated or treated with a matching surface area therapy to lower gas deterioration throughout production.

More information concerning the vertical injection machines: https://minhuiglobal.com/.

-- Anuj G - 2022-01-18


Topic revision: r1 - 2022-01-18 - ClementeCook
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